- GENERAL INFORMATION
Tadoba National Park ,Often referred to as “The Jewel of Vidharba”,, is a large park covered by verious trees mainly by BAMBOO tree. It is situated at a distance of 30 kms from Chandrapur. The name ‘Tadoba’ is the name of the God “Tadoba” or “Taru”, praised by the trible people who live in the dense forests of the Tadoba and Andhari region, while the Andhari river that meanders through the forest. gives the ‘Andhari’ name. It covers 1727 square kms.
In 1955, 116.54 km2 (45.00 sq mi) was declared a National Park. Andhari Wildlife Sanctuary was created on the adjacent forests in 1986, and in 1995, both the park and the sanctuary were merged to establish the present Tiger Reserve.
There are lots of natural water storage in park. Teliya dam, Tadoba lake, Andhari river. Beacause of these water sources, lush green vagitation is there for deers. That’s why it is a good habitat for tigers. One can visit the park any time of the year. February to May I s the best period to visit. Jungle safari is arrange by locals after taking permittion of forest department. Park has the 5 entry gates name as Moharli, Navegaon, Khutwanda, Zari, etc.
From March to May summer temperatures are extreme, and is the best time for tiger sighting The monsoon season is from June to September, post monsoon (which is also hot) is from October to November. December to February is winter, although temperatures still remain quite warm as the climate there is tropical. Vegetation and insect life come alive with the onset of the monsoon in mid June. However, the growth in foliage can make it difficult to spot animals.
Tadoba reserve is a predominantly Southern tropical Dry Deciduous Forest with dense woodlands comprising about 87 per cent of the protected area. Teak and bamboo dominate along with Other deciduous trees include Ain (crocodile bark), Bija, Dhauda, Haldu, Salai, Semal and Tendu. beheda, hirda, karaya gum, mahua Madhuca (Crepe myrtle) and Lannea coramandelica (Wodier Tree) are other common species
The hillsides are covered by dense forests besides the plains while grasslands are scarce. Most of the grassy patches are interspersed in the forested regions many of which succumb to the heat of dry summers.. Axlewood Anogeissus latifolia is a fire-resistant species growing here. Palas or Flame of the Forest Butea monosperma adds vibrant colour to the forest. Black plum trees grow in the riparian habitat around the lake. At the waterhole at Panch dhara huge arjun trees are there.
Bison, wolf, hyena, jackal, wild dogs and fox are secondary carnivores. Among the Central Indian deer species one can see the sambar, spotted deer, barking deer, chinkara, Nilgai and the four horned deer. Common elements are the wild boar, langur monkeys, rhesus macaque and the peacock. Spotted deer are also found in wild abundance and constitute the prey base of the tertiary and secondary consumers. Other charismatic animals are the leopard, rusty spotted cat, jungle, cat, leopard cat and the sloth bear.
Tadoba is rich in bird life and is visited by many birders every year. Amongst the most notable species are the Malabar Pied Hornbill, Indian Pitta, Indian Scimitar Babbler, Tickell’s Blue Flycatcher, Painted Francolin, Asian Paradise Flycatcher, Peacock, Shama, Golden Oriole, Black Naped Blue Flycatcher, Plum Headed Parakeet, Red Spurfowl, Painted Spur fowl, Gray Jungle Fowl, Bonelli’s Eagle, Crest Serpent Eagle, Honey Buzzard, Changeable Hawk Eagle, White Eyed Buzzard, Shikra, Brown Fish Owl, Mottled Wood Owl, Collard Scops Owl, Warblers, Munias, Drongos, Pipits, Larks, Cuckoos and many more.