Kargil at 8870ft / 2704m, is literally a mid way stop on the Srinagar – Leh highway. The township lies along the valley system formed by the confluence of the Suru River and its tributary, Waka-chu.
Famous for its apricots and surrounded by neatly terraced fields that grow barley, wheat, peas other cereals and vegetables, Kargil has regained its importance not only as the Headquarters of the Kargil district and the second largest urban centre of Ladakh but also as a major transit point for Tourists.
KARGIL- LEH ROUTE
The drive on the Kargil – Leh route is relatively easy. The journey is 231km with some flat stretches on a good tarmac road and can be completed in 8 hours of driving time
The first predominantly Buddhist village on the Kargil- Leh Route, Mulbekh has a large Maitreya Buddha ( Chamba) Statue carved on the rock face which dates back to AD 700 but it has lost a bit of its aura because of the modern structure built at its base.
Lamayuru belongs to the Kagyupa order and was founded by the great saint naropa in the 10th century . According to Legend the entire area was a Lake which was drained by Naropa. This is the oldest known Gompa in Ladakh but has been destroyed and rebuilt many times. It probably has the most spectacular setting and is one of the most photographed Gompa Silhouettes.
This is a small piece of Land just after the Lamayuru Monastery which has craters like those on the Moon’s surface.
SANGAM OF SIDHU AND ZANSKAR RIVERS
The Sangam of the Sindhu (Indus ) and the Zanskar (a tributary of the Sindhu ) can be seen at Nimu. This is a popular spot with Tourists for rafting trips starting from Chilling. In winter when the Zanskar is closed due to snow on the High passes , the only overland Route to Padum is by walking along the Frozen river, an adventure task famous as the Chaddar trek.
PATTHAR SAHIB GURUDWARA
In the late 1970s, during the construction of the Leh-Nimu road, a large boulder was found by Lamas in the middle of the road bed covered with Buddhistsprayer flags. The boulder was covered with Buddhist prayer flags, the type of flags that are often found, strung by Buddhist Lamas, along mountain ridges and peaks high in the Himalayas to bless the surrounding countryside.
The bulldozer driver tried to push the huge stone to the side, but it refused to move. Gunning the engine he pushed the powerful machine to its limits, but the boulder refused to give way. Suddenly, with a large snap, the blade broke and the work stopped. That night the driver had a dream in which a voice told him not to move the stone.
In the morning he narrated his dream to one of the army officers who guard the mountain passes of Ladakh. The soldier told him, not to give any importance to the dream. When all efforts to remove the boulder had failed, it was decided to blow it apart with dynamite the next day. That night the army officer also had a dream not to remove the stone. He too decided the dream should be ignored, but early that morning, being Sunday, he and the workers were visited by several Lamas and other Ladhakhis who came to tell them the story of a Holy Saint they called Nanak Lama and the unyielding boulder.
According to a local legend, once a wicked demon live in the area who terrorised the people where the gurdwara is now situated. The people prayed to the Almighty for help. It is said that Guru Nanak heard their woes and came to their aid. He settled down on the bank of the river below the hill where the wicked demon lived. The Guru blessed the people with sermons and became popular in the area. The locals called him Nanak Lama. Seeing this the demon got into a rage and decided to kill Guru Nanak Dev.
One morning when the Guru was sitting in meditation, the demon pushed a large pathar (boulder), down from the hilltop, with the intention of killing the Guru. The boulder gained speed as it rumbled down the hillside, but when it touched the Guru’s body, it softened like warm wax and came to a halt against Guru Nanak’s back. The Guru kept on meditating unhurt and undisturbed. Thinking that the Guru had been killed, the demon came down and was taken aback to see the Guru deep in meditation. In a fit of anger, he tried to push the boulder with his right foot, but as the pathar still had the softness of warm wax, his foot got embedded in it. Pulling his foot from the boulder the demon was dumfounded to see the impression his foot had just left in the stone.
On seeing this, the demon realised his own powerlessness in comparison to the spiritual power of the great Guru. He fell at the feet of Guru Nanak Dev and begged for forgiveness. Guru Sahib advised him to get rid of his wicked ways and asked him to lead a life of a noble person. This changed the life of the demon, who gave up evil deeds and started serving the people.
Guru Nanak Dev thereafter continued his holy journey towards Srinagar via Kargil. The pathar pushed down by the demon, with the imprint of the body of Guru Nanak Dev and the footprint of the demon, is at present on display in Gurdwara Pathar Sahib. It is said that since the visit of Guru Sahib (in 1517) to the building of the roadway in 1965, the local Lamas had held the Patthar sacred and offered prayers to it as, no doubt, they do to this day.
Magnetic Hill is a gravity hill alleged to have magnetic properties strong enough to pull cars uphill and force passing aircraft to increase their altitude in order to escape magnetic interference; in reality, the effect is an optical illusion created by the gravity hill.