- DHAULI HILLS
Bhubaneshwar is famously called as the “Temple City of India” or Mandira Malini Nagari. Bhubaneswar has approximately 1000 temples spread throughout the old and new city out which Majority of thr temples are very old and in the Old City. Bhubaneswar replaced Cuttack as the capital in 1948, the year after India gained its independence from Britain. The modern city was designed by the German architect Otto Königsberger in 1946. Along with Jamshedpur and Chandigarh, it was one of modern India’s first planned cities. Bhubaneswar and Cuttack are often referred to as the twin-cities of Odisha.
Odisha State Museum
Odisha State Museum is a museum in Bhubaneswar, Odisha. In its original form it was established in 1932 and later moved to the current building in 1960. The museum is divided into eleven sections, viz, Archaeology, Epigraphy,Numismatics, Armoury, Mining & Geology, Natural History, Art & Craft, Contemporary Art, Patta Painting, Anthropologyand Palmleaf Manuscripts. The museum is headed by a superintendent and the administrative control lies in the hands of Cultural Affairs Department, Government of Odisha.
Spread over five acres of land located in the heart of the city of Bhubaneswar, Ekamra Haat has now certainly become the most sought after place not only for the localities but also tourists also. It has become an attraction for all age group.
It is no more the tourist triangle of Bhubaneswar-Puri-Konark that alone provide a gateway to craft and textiles, rather it is Ekamra Haat which has become the centre of whole gamut of Orissan as well as National Handicraft & Handloom with 42 shops and eight open display corners, Ekamra Haat was conceived as direct marketing of artisan products to the consumers.
The architectural design of the hut like shops along with sprawling grass mounds provide the ambience of the most naturally rural Orissan village.Ekamra Haat showcase handicraft & handloom products at one place in all week-days .Stone carving, wood carving, appliqué, pattachitra, cane & bamboo, dhokra, bell metal, terracotta, palm leaf engraving, paper machie, art textiles such as bandha sarees from Sambalpur & Nuapatana are very often on display at Ekamra Haat.
Lingaraj Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Harihara, a form of Shiva and is one of the oldest temples inBhubaneswar, the capital of the East Indian state of Odisha (formerly Orissa). The temple is the most prominent landmark of the Bhubaneswar city and one of the major tourist attractions of the state.
The Lingaraja temple is the largest temple in Bhubaneswar. The central tower of the temple is 180 ft (55 m) tall. The temple represents the quintessence of the Kalinga Architecture and culminating the medieval stages of the architectural tradition at Bhubaneswar. The temple is believed to be built by the kings from the Somavamsi dynasty, with later additions from the Ganga rulers. The temple is built in the Deula style that has four components namely, vimana (structure containing the sanctum), jagamohana (assembly hall), natamandira (festival hall) andbhoga-mandapa (hall of offerings), each increasing in the height to its predecessor. The temple complex has 50 other shrines and is enclosed by a large compound wall.
Parsurameswar Temple, located in the East Indian city of Bhubaneshwar, the capital of Orissa, is considered the best preserved specimen of an early Orissan Hindu temple dated to the Sailodbhava period between the 7th and 8th centuries AD. The temple is dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva and is one of the oldest existing temples in the state. It is believed to have been built around 650 AD in Nagara style and has all the main features of the pre-10th century Orissan-style temples. The temple is one among the Parasumeswar group of temples.
Parsurameswar Temple has a vimana, the sanctum, and a bada, the curvilinear spire over its roof, rising to a height of 40.25 ft (12.27 m). It is the first temple to have an additional structure called jagamohana, compared to the earlier temples that had only the vimana. Though the temple is dedicated to Shiva, it contains sculpted images of Sakta deities, which are otherwise normally part of Sakta temples. The temple is the first in Bhubaneswar to contain depictions of Saptamatrikas, namely, Chamunda, Varahi, Indrani, Vaisnavi, Kaumari, Sivani and Brahmi. The temple is maintained and administered by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) as a ticketed monument. Parasurashtami is the major festival celebrated in the temple during June–July every year.
Muktesvara deula is a 10th-century Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva located in Bhubaneshwar, Odisha, India. The temple dates back to 970 CE and is a monument of importance in the study of the development of Hindu temples inOdisha. The stylistic development the Mukteswar marks the culmination of all earlier developments, and initiates a period of experiment which continues for an entire century, as seen in such temples as the Rajarani Temple andLingaraj temple, both located in Bhubaneswar.
Brahmeswara Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Siva located in Bhubaneswar, Odisha, erected at the end of the 9th century CE, is richly carved inside and out. This Hindu temple can be dated with fair accuracy by the use of inscriptions that were originally on the temple. They are now unfortunately lost, but records of them preserve the information of around 1058 CE. The temple is built in the 18th regnal year of the Somavamsi king Udyotakesari by his mother Kolavati Devi, which corresponds to 1058 CE.
Nandankanan Wildlife Sanctuary
Nandankanan Wildlife Sanctuary: Nandankanan, literally means the ‘Garden of Gods”. The entire landscape which includes Nandankanan Zoological Park, the Kanjia Lake and the State Botanical Garden has been notified as “Nandankanan Wildlife Sanctuary”. The Sanctuary harbors a variety of free-ranging mammals like Wild Boar, Spotted Dear, Jungle Cat, Small Indian Civet, Hanuman Langur, Common Mongoose, Small Indian Mongoose, Jackle, Indian Crested Porcupine, ect. Visitors to the zoo, while moving through the forested path between enclosures, are sometimes lucky to see these animals.
Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves
Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves are partly natural and partly artificial caves of archaeological, historical and religious importance near the city of Bhubaneswar in Odisha, India. The caves are situated on two adjacent hills, Udayagiri and Khandagiri, mentioned as Kumari Parvat in the Hathigumpha inscription. They have a number of finely and ornately carved caves. It is believed that most of these caves were carved out as residential blocks forJain monks during the reign of King Kharavela. Udayagiri means “Sunrise Hill” and has 18 caves while Khandagiri has 15 caves.
The caves of Udayagiri and Khandagiri, called lena or leṇa in the inscriptions, were dug out mostly during the reign ofKharavela for the abode of Jaina ascetics. The most important of this group is Ranigumpha in Udayagiri which is a double storeyed monastery.
Dhauli Hills – 8 km south of the present Bhubaneswar, across the Daya river, Dhauli has major edicts of Ashoka engraved on a mass of rock. It is presumed to be the area of the bloody battle of Kalinga, won by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka in 265 BC.
Vishwa Shanti Stupa, Peace Pagoda, at the top of Dhauli Hill, built by Indo Japanese collaboration in 1972, standing in the form of a massive dome with lotus petals as its crown. The five chhatris (umbrellas) placed on its flattened top represent five important aspects of Buddhism. This gleaming white double storey structure stands on a platform with two entrances with flights of steps. The stupa, from its origin emerges as the central focus of worship.
64 Yogini Temples
Dating back to the 9th century AD, the 64 Yogini shrines give a glimpse of the religious and occult practices of medieval times. Today only four of the architecturally distinct 64 Yogini shrines survive in India. Out Of them two are in odisha and one of them at Hirapur,Bhubaneswar.Odisha
The Hirapur Temple of Odisha is built of coarse sand stones blocks with literate stones in its foundation. While its Yogini are curved from fin grained grey chlorinate. The inner walls of this circular pavilion or Chandi Mandapa,30 feet in diameter built of coarse sandstone and has barely 8 feet high walls containing 64 inches to house the sculptures of yoginis(2feet hight). The Haripur Yoginis are extraordinary beautiful figures with exquisite features and sensuously formed bodies.
The famous town of Pipli in Orissa, halfway between Bhubaneswar and Puri, is known for its exquisite applique work. An enchanting form of fabric based patchwork, well known for its geometric motifs and stylized birds, animals and flowers cut out of brightly coloured cloth and sewn on contrasting backgrounds. The typical traditional motifs are varied yet fixed in their colours and representations. Motifs ranging from geometric, abstract, schematized actual life forms to stylized versions of social, natural, asteral and mythological characters and objects.
The magnificent Sun Temple at Konark is the culmination of Odisha temple architecture, and one of the most stunning monuments of religious architecture in the world.Built by the King Narasimhadeva in the thirteenth century, the entire temple was designed in the shape of a colossal chariot with seven horses and twentyfour wheels , carrying the sun god, Surya, across the heavens. Surya has been a popular deity in India since the Vedic period .
Chandrabhaga beach is very close to the Konark temple. This beach has religious significance. During the seventh day of Magha at the beach for seven days a fair is held in honor of the sun god, who is said to have cured Sri Krishna’s son Shambhu from leprosy. Pilgrims from various parts of world come here every year to take a dip in the holy waters and offer their prayers to the sun.
According to tradition Puri was once a thickly wooded hill inhabited by the Sabaras (Pre-Aryan and Pre-Dravidian tribes of the Austric linguistic family). The sunny beach at Puri is one of the finest in the world. Watching the sunrise in a symphony of colours is a wonderful experience.
Jagannath Temple Puri
Belonging to the 11th century and enjoying the honor of being one of the ‘char dhams’, the pilgrimage that every Hindu intend to visit; Jagannath Temple is the honor of Puri and Odisha (Orissa). The holy sight of Lord Jagannath, accompanied by Subhadra and Balabhadra raises loads of joy among the devotees. The two gods and the goddess of the temple are ornamented in accordance with the occasion and seasonal change. The structural design of the temple can be found to be in pyramid shape.
Raghurajpur, a heritage crafts village in the district of Puri in Orissa, is renowned for its master Pattachitra painters and Gotipua dance troupes. Pattachitra is a 5th BC form of art in the region, while Gotipua dance troupes are the precursor of Odissi, an Indian classical form of dance. The village is also famous as the birthplace of Kelucharan Mohapatra, who is one of finest Odissi exponents and Guru.
The main village of Raghurajpur, located in the vicinity of coconut groves, palm, mango and jack fruit, is mostly decorated with mural paintings, and offers beautiful natural surroundings. Besides, the region also creates the crafts like Tussar paintings, palm leaf engravings, stone and wood carvings, wooden, cow dung and papier mache toys and masks, among others. Moreover, the Patas – the traditional decoration of the three chariots – during the annual Puri Jagannath Rath Yatra Festival is done only at Raghurajpur which is about 14 km away from Puri.
Manglajodi is a small picturesque village on Chilika Lake’s northern-western fringe, known for its marshes and water fowl congregations.
Every winter Manglajodi comes alive with birds from temperate regions that migrate here to spend winter in its warm waters. Ducks like Pintail, Shovellers, Garganey, Gadwall and Pochards; and waders such as Black Tailed Godwits, Black Winged Stilts, Ringed Plovers, undertake a perilous journey from as far as Europe, central Asia, etc. across the Himalayas and congregate here to feed in the rich wetlands and prepare themselves for their return migration in summer.
Chilka Lake is a brackish water lagoon, spread over the Puri, Khurda and Ganjam districts of Odishastate on the east coast of India, at the mouth of the Daya River, flowing into the Bay of Bengal, covering an area of over 1,100 km2. It is the largest coastal lagoon in India and the second largest lagoon in the world. The lagoon hosts over 160 species of birds in the peak migratory season. Birds from as far as the Caspian Sea, Lake Baikal, Aral Sea and other remote parts of Russia, Kirghiz steppes of Mongolia, Central and southeast Asia, Ladakh and Himalayas come here. The lagoon is also home to 14 types of raptors. Around 152 rare and endangered Irrawaddy Dolphins have also been reported. Plus, the lagoon supports about 37 species of reptiles and amphibians.
Maa Tara Tarini temple
Maa Tara Tarini temple on the Kumari hills at the bank of the River Rushikulya near Berhampur city in Ganjam District, Odisha, India is worshiped as the Breast Shrine (Sthana Peetha) and manifestations of Adi Shakti. The Taratarini Shakti Peetha is one of the oldest pilgrimage centers of the Mother Goddess and is one of four major ancient Tantra Peetha and Shakti Peethas in India.
Gopalpur, also known as Gopalpur-on-Sea, is a beach town in the Ganjam district in Orissa state in India. It is located in the region of Bay of Bengal in Indian Ocean. It is famed as a popular tourist destination in Orissa. An 18th century Krishna (Gopal) temple constructed in this fishing village was the origin of the name Gopalpur. Present Gopalpur is a calm and beautiful beach town with tourists flocking to its lap to enjoy the natural beauty of the soft sandy beach. It is a most sought beach in Orissa by the people who look for secluded vacations. Gentle wheat sand dunes, coconut groves laid in a beautiful style and eye catching with green palms, the mesmerizing beauty of the sea and the pleasant climate make this spectacular beach a destination for thousands of tourists every year.